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Thursday, November 11, 2010

Cashflow of PITAYA

Pitaya (Hylocereus undatus) also known as Buah Naga in Malaysia was a new fruit commodity introduced less than 10 years ago for commercial production. There were 2 varieties grown in Malaysia that was Red Clone (Isi Merah) and White Clone (Isi Putih). Total pitaya planting area in Malaysia was 2,510 hectare with annual production of 9,790 metric ton in 2010. Pitaya was commercially grown in Daerah Kluang Johor (206 ha), Daerah Mersing Johor (156 ha) and Daerah Jelebu N Sembilan (155 ha). Pitaya industry in Malaysia was seriously hit by Dieback Disease 3 years ago and caused many farmers flung in their capital investment. The control measures by biological and chemical measures improved the situation. This article discuss about pitaya cashflow in Malaysia in 2010 based on my survey in Kedah, Johor, Perak and Penang.

Size of farm surveyed : 1.0 hectare
Planting Distance : 2.5 m x 3.0 m
Planting Density tree / ha = 5,320 tree
Number of Posts/ha = 1,330 unit
Cashflow Duration : 10 year

I. CASH IN FLOW
1. Pitaya Average Yield/ha = 199,000 kg
2. Gross Farm Income @RM3.00/kg = RM 597,000.00

II. CASH OUT FLOW
1. Development cost:
a. Land Clearing = RM 2,000
b. Farm fencing = RM 8,000
c. Concrete Post = RM 19,950
d. Irrigation system = RM 8,000
e. Farm equipments = RM 6,000
Subtotal 1 = RM 43,950

2. Costs of Inputs
a. Planting material = RM 15,960
b. Fertilizer = RM 103,590
c. Weedicide = RM 2,808
d. Pesticide =RM 9,482
e. Fungicide= RM 11,039
f. Farm tools = RM 350
g. Basket = RM 9,200
h. Fuel = RM 16,524
Subtotal 2 = RM 167,117

3. Costs of Labor
1. Manuring = RM 2,610
2. weed Control = RM 1,440
3. Pest & Disease Control = RM 5,940
4. Pruning = RM 360
5. Maintenance = RM 1,080
6. Harvesting @5 sen/kg = RM 8,700
Subtotal 3 3 = RM 20,130

4.Fixed costs = RM 6,650

III. CASHFLOW ANALYSIS

Main Subtotal (1,2,3,4) = RM 224,547.00
Extra Cost @ 10 % = RM 22,455.00
Total Cost of Production = RM 247,002.00
GROSS FARM INCOME = RM 597,000.00
NETT FARM INCOME = RM 349,998.00
NETT FARM INCOME/YEAR = RM 34,998.80
NETT FARM INCOME/MONTH = RM 2,916.25
BENEFIT COST RATIO = RM 2.42
BREAKEVEN POINT = RM 0.81


* 1 ha - 3 workers



By,
M Anem
Muar, Johore



1 comment:

  1. Salam.
    Do you know the locations of pitaya farms in Penang and Kedah, as i need to collect sample of diseased pitaya stems. I'm a Master student in USM doing a research on anthracnose disease on pitaya.
    TQ for your help.

    ReplyDelete