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Thursday, November 11, 2010

Cashflow of DURIAN


Durian (Durio zibethinus) in Malaysia is considered as “King of the Fruit” due to its characteristic with strong aroma and various range of price. Total durian planted in Malaysia in 2009 was 100,615 hectare with total production of 288,900 mt . Durian are planted mostly in Johore especially in Daerah Muar Johor (7,048 ha), Daerah Segamat Johor (6,741 ha) and Daerah Kuala Krai Kelantan (5,365 ha). There was more than 200 clones of durian found in Malaysia but only about 8-12 clone was popular for growing and has a good demand among Durian Eaters. Some popular clone was D24 (Bukit Merah), D99 (Koop Kecil), D158 (Tangkai Panjang), D159 (Bantal Mas), D168/101 (Mas Muar) and D197 (Kunyit). Most durian was for domestic market but export to Singapore, Australia, China and few other countries are increasing.
The fresh durian was processed using “Quick Freezing Technique” before packed and export to other country. Durian also used as raw material for processed food product such as lempuk, dodol, juice, jam, durian chip, puree and many others. There was a trend from few years ago the durian farmers start falling durian and replaced it to Oil Palm. This article try to share my knowledge about durian cashflow in 2010 base on my study in Muar and segamat District in Johore.


Durian Planting Distance = 9 m x 9 m
Planting Density = 123 tree/hectare
Study Area = 1.0 hectar
Cashflow Duration : 20 Tahun

CASHFLOW FOR DURIAN

A. CASH IN FLOW
1. Estimated yield (kg/ha) = 113,725 kg
2. Gross farm income @ RM2.50/kg = RM 284,312.50

B. CASH IN FLOW
i) Initial development cost (New land)
1. Land clearing = RM 2,000.00
2. Drainage system = RM 1,200.00
5. Land preparation/ploughing = RM 1,000.00
6. Store = RM 500.00
7. Irrigation system = RM 9,000.00
8. Lining & Planting = RM 369.00
Subtotal 1 = RM 14,069.00

ii) Costs of Input
1. Seedling @ RM5/tree = RM 676.50
2. Fertilizer
(i) CIRP = RM 23.37
(ii) Organic = RM 13,868.25
(iii) GML = RM 2,255.82
(iv) NPK 15:15:15= RM 2,182.64
(v) NPK 12:12:17:2 = RM 44,649.00
3. Pesticide/Fungicide =RM 5,299.20
4. Weedicide= RM 3,831.75
5. Farm Tools = RM 360.00
Subtotal 2 = RM 73,146.53

iii) Cost of labor
1. Manuring = RM 8,100.00
2. Pest &isease Control = RM 5,040.00
3. weed Control = RM 3,435.00
4. Pruning = RM 4,560.00
6. Harvesting = RM 2,110.00
7. Maintenance = RM 18,500.00
Subtotal 3 = RM 41,745.00

iv) Mischellinous Cost
1. Fuel = RM 9,100.00
2. Land Rent/Tax= RM 10,000.00
Subtotal 4 = RM 19,100.00
III) COST ANALYSIS
MAIN COST (1,2,3,4)= RM 148,060.53
EXXTRA COSTS (5% ) = RM 7,403.03
TOTAL COSTS OF PRODUCTION = RM 155,463.55
GROSS FARM INCOME = RM 248,312.50
NETT FARM INCOME = RM 92,848.90
NETT FARM INCOME/YEAR = RM 4,642.45
NETT FARM INCOME/MONTH = RM 386.87
BENEFIT COST RATIO = RM 1.60
BREAKEVEN POINT = RM 0.73


Note:

The durian cashflow is a summary from 20 years cashflow. Reference to detail cashlow by year was recomended.

By,

M Anem

Johore

1 comment:

  1. assalamualaikum tuan....boleh saya dapatkan contoh cashflow tanaman durian untuk dapatkan pinjaman bank.
    zulnazlan@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete