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Thursday, November 24, 2016

PINEAPPLE - STATUS IN MALAYSIA




What is Pineapple Fruit
The pineapple scientific name Ananas comosus L. Merill from spesies Bromeliaceae. It believed native to Southern American. The aromatic yellow juicy flesh taste between sweet sour ,sweet or salt depend to it varieties. The young fruit rind color is green and change to purple or brownish. The pineapple is in oval to cylindrical shaped. The pineapple sizes can long up to 12 inches and weight unti 12pound and more. Malaysia is one of the pieapple producing countries for domestic and exports market. State like Johore, Pahang and Kedah are the most producing fresh pineapple. There are few factory producing canned pineapple in Johor. Pineapple arw grown in peat soil area and only small percent grown on mineral soils.

Pineapple Varieties grown in Malaysia.
There are few varieties in Malaysia grown by smallholders and estate operators . The varieties are:
1.Gandol - Fresh and canning
2.N36 - For canning
3.Mauritius - For fresh
4.Josaphine - Hybrid for fresh
5.Sarawak - For fresh
6. MD2 - for fresh export
 
How Pineapple Tree look?.
The pineapple plant can grow up to 1.5 meters. The green leaves may stripe with red and yellow on the margin. The leaves might long 50 to 180cm and spine in the margin. While it is blooming, the red or purple color flowers was elongate, the plan need 115 days to 130 days to bear a fruit after blooming of flowers. The pineapple plant suitable live at well drained organic sandy loam with temperature 28 degree Celsius to 35 degree Celsius. Normally, the pineapple plant long live for around 4 years. In Malaysia, states planted huge is Pahang, Johor, Selangor, Kelantan, Kedah and Pulau Pinang. The pinepple are about one to 1.5 years one cycle before replanting.


Pineapple Product and Recipe
Rather thn fresh consumption, pineapple in Malaysia are processed for high end value. The sweet sour flavor of pineapple had manufactured into :
1.Jam pineapple
2.Jelly Pineapple
3.Pineapple Pie/cake
4.Pineapple Juice
5.Pineapple Ice cream
6.Pineapple tart


Benefits of Pineapple Fruit

Pineapple is one of favorite fruits in worldwide. Besides of it juicy ripe pineapple sweet sour flavor, the fruit had many health benefits of pineapple. Body can easily absorbs nutrients by eating fresh, canned or pineapple juice. Below is the nutrients in the fruit:

Nutritional Value per 100 grams

Energy 45.0 kcal 
Water 87.8 g
Protein 0.5 g
Fat 0.1 g
Fiber 10.6 g 
Abu 0.6 g 
Calcium 0.4 mg 
Phosphorus 24.0 mg
Iron 6.0 mg 
Natrium 1.4 mg 
Kalium 31.0 mg 
Beta Carotene 40.0 mg 
Vitamin B1 270.0 mg 
Vitamin B2 0.17 mg
Niacin 0.1 mg 
Vitamin C 15.2 mg
 

Pineapple in Malaysia are choosed bya commersial farmers ti expand in Pahang States. About 1,000 hectares area in Rompin District are planted with MD2 varieites for domestic and export.  The project initiated by MPIB (Malaysia Pineapple Industry Board) and funded by ECER able to produce gigh quality pineapple fruits.
By,
M Anem,
Senior Agronomist,
Kuantan, Pahang,
Malaysia.
(24 Nov 2016)

PINEAPPLE - MALAYSIA EXPORTS

Samsolbari says Sarawak recorded the largest pineapple plantation areas after Johor with 1,805ha currently.
Samsolbari says Sarawak recorded the largest pineapple plantation areas after Johor with 1,805ha currently.
 
KOTA SAMARAHAN: Malaysia recorded pineapple exports valued at RM161mil last year and targets to increase this to RM254mil by 2020.

Malaysian Pineapple Industry Board (MPIB) chairman Datuk Samsolbari Jamali said to achieve the goal, the Government had planned to increase the pineapple plantation acreage by 7,120ha by 2020.

“The plan to increase the country’s pineapple production is to meet market demand and high-value agricultural development.

“The pineapple industry plays an important role in meeting the growing demand for fresh fruits and agro-based industry.

“Hence, developing and strengthening pineapple cultivation in Sarawak is necessary to assist in accommodating the market demand globally with the addition of 100 containers per month,” he said.

He said this in his speech at the launch of Sarawak Pineapple Plantation Census officiated by Deputy Chief Minister Datuk Amar Douglas Uggah Embas in Kota Samarahan on Monday.

A total of 719 pineapple entrepreneurs in the state are involved in the census beginning Monday until Sept 30.

Samsolbari said Sarawak recorded the largest pineapple plantation areas after Johor with 1,805ha currently.

“MPIB targets a higher increase in productivity by 2020, that is, at 45 tonnes per ha with the optimisation of land use,” he said.

Meanwhile, Uggah who is also state Minister for Modernisation of Agriculture and Rural Economy, in his speech outlined four main requirements to empower the pineapple industry in Sarawak.

“These are quality seedlings, research as well as technology transfer to the state, creating downstream industries and good marketing system.

“As the second largest pineapple producer, we strongly encourage MPIB to assist Sarawak in this endeavour,” he said. - Bernama

Tuesday, November 22, 2016

DORMANCY BREAKING TECHNIQUE OF OIL PALM


DORMANCY TYPE, GERMINATION PATTERN AND DORMANCY BREAKING TECHNIQUE OF OIL PALM (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq.,) SEEDS 
Mohd Norsazwan bin Ghazali*,

 Associate Prof. Dr Adam Puteh, Prof Dr. Mohd Rafii Yusop,
Department of Crop Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia 
*Email : mohdnorsazwan@gmail.com

Oil palm seeds require more than six months to germinate under natural condition. In the first experiment, different method to evaluate dormancy type were conducted on T × T and D × P seeds. This includes physical, morphological and physiological dormancy tests. Results indicated that the seeds were unable to imbibe water, regardless of scarification treatments. This suggests that oil palm seeds exhibit physical dormancy characteristics. Morphological tests on seeds at room temperature indicated that an embryo length of 3.64 or 3.03 mm was required to initiate germination in T × T and D × P seeds, respectively. The applications of heat treatments (40°C) were able to accelerate embryo growth, regardless of treatment duration. On the other hand, application of exogenous GA 3 did not significantly increase germination during physiological dormancy test. The results strongly indicate that oil palm seed exhibits combination of physical, morphological and physiological dormancy type. In the second experiment, alternative techniques to break oil palm seed dormancy were evaluated including adoption of higher temperature treatment (50°C), alternating temperature regimes of high (40°C) and low (7°C) for different duration; as well as combining alternating temperature regimes of high (40°C) and low (7°C) temperatures with growth hormone (gibberellic acid) during germination period. The seeds were then allowed to germinate for 60 days. Parameters evaluated include percentage of normal pre-germinated seeds, percentage abnormalities, percentage of diseased seeds and Coefficient Velocity of Germination. The results indicated that adoption of alternating temperature along with exogenous GA3 application during germination were able to result in similar percentage of normal pre-germinated seeds as the commercially practiced method, with acceptable percentage abnormalities and diseases occurrence level. . This study strongly suggests that there are alternative techniques that can be adopted to break oil.


Posted by:
M Anem
NSAM Members
Hotel Sama-sama, KLIA,
Sepang, Selangot,
Malaysia.





Saturday, September 24, 2016

ANCHOR COMPANY PERSPECTIVE AND ROLE IN ENHANCING THE MALAYSIAN SEED INDUSTRY

ANCHOR COMPANY PERSPECTIVE AND ROLE IN ENHANCING THE MALAYSIAN SEED INDUSTRY 
Lim Kiang Ping
Green World Genetics Sdn. Bhd.
Email : kiangping.lim@gwgenetics.com

Agriculture industry is important to a country; through the development of the seed industry the agriculture industry can be enhance in order to achieve food security and self-sufficiency. As the anchor company appointed under EPP 14, Green World Genetics Sdn. Bhd. (GWG) has taken actions to overcome some of these challenges and help to build a better seed industry in Malaysia. Malaysia has an estimated population of 31 million people and a seed industry worth roughly RM 50-60 million. More than 95% of the seeds used by local growers are imported. Hence there is a need to breed and also strengthen the local seed production system.Breeding is a tedious process and it takes years to develop a new variety. GWG has currently embarked into breeding varieties for local needs. To achieve this, 5 plant breeders, more than 30 seed producers, 20 agronomists and 7 technical sales persons have been deployed. Resources such as land, funds, germplasm etc., are important for the breeding program. GWG has established strategic partnership and linkages with both governmental institutions and private sectors. Policy and regulation is another important issue for the seed industry. Policy is the direction set by the government to develop the industry whereas regulation refers to the rules that govern seed industry. The food supply chain is a vital element in enhancing the seed industry. The supply chain in Malaysia is made up of seed distributor/dealer, growers, packer/processor, trader, retailer and consumer. The direction for seed breeding should be based on the requirements on each component in order to benefit and harmonize the entire supply chain. To date, despite being involved in agriculture for a very long time, the Malaysian seed industry particularly in the vegetables sub-sector is considered very young. GWG, as the anchor company shoulder the responsibility of not only producing high quality seeds but also to foresee future challenges and advise the policy makers to lead our seed industry into a more prosperous era and increase the country’s GDP. 
Keywords: Green World Genetics, seed industry, food supply chain.




Posted by:
M Anem,

Senior Agronomist (NSAM Members)
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
(24 August 2016)

Thursday, September 8, 2016

CMDV - ADVANCEMENT IN MOLECULAR MARKERS



ADVANCEMENT IN MOLECULAR MARKERS FOR CROP IMPROVEMENT AND VARIETAL IDENTIFICATION

Norzihan Abdullah* & Shahril Ab Razak
Centre for Marker Discovery and Validation (CMDV),

Centre for Technical and Laboratory Services, MARDI Headquarter,
43400, Serdang, Selangor.
*Email : zihan@mardi.gov.my
The advancement in sequencing and genotyping technologies has enable extensive study in plant genomic research especially in the area of molecular marker. The availability of various types of molecular markers enable scientists and breeders to conduct their research depending on their objective and budget. Currently, Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) and Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) have become the markers of choice owing to their advantages compared to other type of molecular markers. Exploitation of molecular marker polymorphism gives a significant impact in crop improvement and varietal identification. In Malaysia, Centre for Marker Discovery and Validation (CMDV) which was equipped with high-throughput genotyping platforms has been actively involved in molecular marker research. CMDV has successfully introgressed disease and pest resistant genes into Malaysian commercial cultivated rice varieties (MR219 and MR269) using marker assisted breeding (MAB) technology. This technology provides fast and high accuracy in plant selection compared to conventional breeding. CMDV has also developed a fingerprinting panel for Malaysian rice, pineapples, coconut, durian, papaya, other commercial and perennial crops which could be used for cultivar identification and authentication. With the availability of high-throughput genotyping technology at CMDV, it is hoped that, scientists and breeders will take this opportunity to enhance their breeding programme through MAB technology and subsequently increase their agriculture produces.




Posted by,
M Anem,
NSAM Members,
Hotel Sama-sama,
KLIS, Sepang,
Selangor, Malaysia.
(24 Auugust 2016)

Tuesday, August 30, 2016

FOUR DECADES OF NATIONAL SEED SYMPOSIUM



TRIBUTE : FOUR DECADES OF NATIONAL SEED SYMPOSIUM (1976 - 2016) HISTORY,PROGRESS AND ACHIEVEMENTS 
By, H.F.Chin, Department of Crop Science, UPM, Bioversity International ,Email : h.chin@cgiar.org


The first National Seed Symposium was organized by the Faculty Of Agriculture and held at Universiti Pertanian Malaysia (UPM) on 4 th February 1976. This was well attended by over a hundred local participants and few from overseas. This symposium of 4 days included field trips and seed exhibition. They were officiated opened and closed by the Minister of Agriculture and closed by the Minister of Energy, Technology and Research. Forty years ago, this symposium was considered a success and served as a model for subsequent ones. The journey down memory lane of four decades is over. It is time to celebrate our Ruby Jubilee (1976 - 2016). This long journey was not that comfortable, simple and straight. There were bumps here and there, hence, the second symposium was revived after a period of 18 years and third, another 6 years. A seed organization, society or association need to be established. So the Malaysian Association of Seed Technology (MAST) was proposed and was found to be not suitable. Finally an alternative National Seed Association of Malaysia (NSAM) was proposed, forwarded to the Registrar of Society and finally after 32 years from the first seed symposium, it was approved and launched on 25 th February 2008. Since then, every two years, we have a National Seed Symposium 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014 and now 2016 this month. 




Wellcome first seed sympodium in 1976 by Prof Chin at UPM.

With the establishment of NSAM, there is both national and international recognition. It is now the voice of the seed industry and its role is recognized. Locally, a number of institutions and government have recognized our services, teaching, running workshops and advising services. We are also represented in the National Seed Council (NSC). Internationally, we are members of Asian Pacific Seed Association (APSA). We had organized the APSA Seed Congress in KL Hilton, and members have received special awards. Locally, our members have contributed to a number of government departments like SIRIM for formulating seed standards and help to conduct courses at different levels. In particular, we have been giving courses in seed science and technology for a few decades and provide the sources of manpower in the Department og Agriculture, Incorporated Society of Planters (ISP) and seed industry. In the future with further growth in manpower, greater interest with more resources and closer linkage.



Posted by:
M Anem,
Senior Agronomist (NSAM Members),
Hotel Sama-sama,
KLIA, Sepang,
Selangor, Malaysia.
(24 August, 2016)

FOUR DECADES OF NATIONAL SEED SYMPOSIUM



TRIBUTE : FOUR DECADES OF NATIONAL SEED SYMPOSIUM (1976 - 2016) HISTORY,PROGRESS AND ACHIEVEMENTS 
By, H.F.Chin, Department of Crop Science, UPM, Bioversity International ,Email : h.chin@cgiar.org


The first National Seed Symposium was organized by the Faculty Of Agriculture and held at Universiti Pertanian Malaysia (UPM) on 4 th February 1976. This was well attended by over a hundred local participants and few from overseas. This symposium of 4 days included field trips and seed exhibition. They were officiated opened and closed by the Minister of Agriculture and closed by the Minister of Energy, Technology and Research. Forty years ago, this symposium was considered a success and served as a model for subsequent ones. The journey down memory lane of four decades is over. It is time to celebrate our Ruby Jubilee (1976 - 2016). This long journey was not that comfortable, simple and straight. There were bumps here and there, hence, the second symposium was revived after a period of 18 years and third, another 6 years. A seed organization, society or association need to be established. So the Malaysian Association of Seed Technology (MAST) was proposed and was found to be not suitable. Finally an alternative National Seed Association of Malaysia (NSAM) was proposed, forwarded to the Registrar of Society and finally after 32 years from the first seed symposium, it was approved and launched on 25 th February 2008. Since then, every two years, we have a National Seed Symposium 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014 and now 2016 this month. 



Wellcome first seed sympodium in 1976 by Prof Chin at UPM.

With the establishment of NSAM, there is both national and international recognition. It is now the voice of the seed industry and its role is recognized. Locally, a number of institutions and government have recognized our services, teaching, running workshops and advising services. We are also represented in the National Seed Council (NSC). Internationally, we are members of Asian Pacific Seed Association (APSA). We had organized the APSA Seed Congress in KL Hilton, and members have received special awards. Locally, our members have contributed to a number of government departments like SIRIM for formulating seed standards and help to conduct courses at different levels. In particular, we have been giving courses in seed science and technology for a few decades and provide the sources of manpower in the Department og Agriculture, Incorporated Society of Planters (ISP) and seed industry. In the future with further growth in manpower, greater interest with more resources and closer linkage.



Posted by:
M Anem,
Senior Agronomist (NSAM Members),
Hotel Sama-sama,
KLIA, Sepang,
Selangor, Malaysia.
(24 August, 2016)