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Friday, November 12, 2010

Cashflow of MANGO

Mango or Mangga (Magnifera indica) has many popular clones grown in Malaysia and the most popular among all was Clone MA224 (Chok Anan). This clone was popular in Perak, Melaka, Selangor, Sarawak and few other states. There was about 9,375 hectare of mango area in 2009 with total production of 24,510 metric ton. Main production area of mango in Malaysia was located at Daerah Jasin Melaka (463 ha) followed by Daerah Alor Gajah Melaka (419 ha) and Daerah Kuching Sarawak (271 ha). Other popular mango clones in Malaysia was Clone MA 128 (Harum Manis), MA 162 (Foo Fatt / Golek), MA 165 (MAHA), MA 204 (Melele) and MA 223 (Nam Dok Mai). The least popular clones in 1980’es was Clone Apple Mango and planted as ornamental tree in housing area and produce a high yield especially on the coastal area. The local popular small mango was Mangga Pauh and Mangga Telur. This article is to discuss about mango cashflow based on my study early 2010 in Melaka, Penang, Selangor and North Johor.


Mango planting distance: 5.5m x 6m
Planting density: 230 tree
Cashflow duration: 15 years


I. CASH IN FLOW (For 15 years)

Mango production (kg/ha) = 166,100 kg
Gross farm Income @ RM 3.00/kg = RM 415,250

II. CASH OUT FLOW (For 15 years)
1.Initial development cost (New area)

a) Land clearing = RM 2,500
b) Drainage system = RM 2,600
c) Ploughing and rotor = RM 740
e) Irrigation system =RM 10,800
f) Farm road = RM 3,600
g) Fencing =RM 1,645
Subtotal 1 = RM 21,885

2. Cost of Input

a) CIRP = RM 39.56
b) NPK Green = RM 1,380.00
c) NPK Blue = RM 31,988.40
d) Organic fertilizer = RM 51,865.00
e) GML = RM 6,375.60
f) Weediside = RM 5,148.00
g) Pesticide = RM 5,475.56
h) Fungicide= RM 5,409.60
i) Foliar Fertilizer =RM 4,567.50
j) Sticker= RM 735.00
k) Farm tools = RM 3,780.00
Subtotal 2 = RM 116,764.22

3. Cost of Labor @RM 500/workers
Wages for workers = RM 162,000
Subtotal 3 = RM 162,000

4.Miscellaneous Cost

a)Land rent/tax =RM 7,500
b) Fuel = RM 18,000
c) Maintenance of Infra = RM 658
d) Maintenance of farm road = RM 1,440
d) Maintenance of Irrigation system = RM 15,120
Subtotal 4 =RM 42,718.00

Costs Main total (1,2,3,4) = RM 343,367.22
Extra costs @ 10% = RM 34,336.72
Total Costs of production = RM 377,703.95


III. CASHFLOW ANALYSIS

Gross Farm Income = RM 425,250.00
Total Cost of Production = RM 377,703.95
NETT FARM INCOME = RM
NETT FARM INCOME/YEAR =
NETT FARM INCOME/MONTH =
B/C RATIO = RM 1.10
BREAK EVEN PRICE* = RM 2.27
NPV (10%) = (RM 13,556)
IRR = 6%


By
M Anem
Agronomist

1 comment:

  1. salam,

    may i know what is the acreage of the mango plantation involved in your study?

    thnk you :)

    ReplyDelete