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Thursday, November 11, 2010

Cashflow of PINEAPPLE

Pineapple or Nenas (Ananas cosmosus) considered among popular fruit crop in Malaysia for fresh, export and processing activity. Malaysia was once known in the world as canned pineapple producers many years ago. Pineapple was grown by smallholders and Estate plantation in Johore and few other states. The most popular pineapple varieties were Nenas Morris and Nenas Gandul (N36). Other new variety was Nenas Cayene, Nenas Spanish, Nenas Queen and Nenas MD2. There was about 16,850 hectare of pineapple area grown in Malaysia in 2009 producing about 416,070 metric ton. Johor was the main pineapple producers in Malaysia especially on peat soil at Daerah Pontian (3,686 ha), Daerah Kluang (2,950 ha) and Daerah Muar (1,266 ha) and the processing plant located at Pontian. This article discuss about pineapple cashflow in Malaysia based on my study at Johore and Kedah in May 20010.


Pineapple variety : NANAS MORIS

Planting distance : 90 cm x 60 cm x 30 cm
Plant density / ha : 36,000 tree
Period of Cashflow : 12-14 Months

CASHFLOW FOR PINEAPPLE

I) CASH IN FLOW
a. Yield of Nanas (Kg/Ha) = 50,000 kg
b. Sales of fruits(RM/Kg) = RM 35,000.00
GROSS FARM INCOME = RM 39,000.00

II) CASH OUT FLOW
A. Development costs (New area)
1. Land Clearing = RM 2,000.00
2. Basic Infrastructure (Roads/Drains) = RM 2,500.00
3. Land preparation = RM 300.00
4. Seedling/Suckers 10% @RM0.20/pk = RM 7,920.00
5. Store = RM 500.00
Subtotal 1 = RM 11,420.00

B. Cost of Inputs
1. CIRP @ RM0.5/kg = RM 360.00
2. NPK 15:15:15( 1st & 2nd) = RM 3,931.00
3. NPK 12:12:17:2 (3rd application)= RM 1,980.00
4. Foliar Fertilizer ( Spray I ) = RM 955.00
5. Foliar Fertilizer( Spray II ) =RM 1,060.00
6. Urea = RM 227.00
7. Hormone (Pill ANAA) = RM 166.00
8 .Weedicide= RM 180.00
9. Pesticide = RM 60.00
10.Farm equipments = RM 500.00
Subtotal 2 (Costs of Input) = RM 9,192.00

C. Cost of Labor @RM 30.00/man/day
1. Manuring & Pill application = RM 480.00
2. Weed control = RM 1,020.00
3. Pests Control= RM 240.00
4. Maintenance of Infra = RM 1,500.00
5. Harvesting Activity =RM 1,750.00
Subtotal 3 (Costs of labor) = RM 4,990.00

D. Miscellaneous Costs
1. Land rent/Tax = RM 500.00
2. Petrol = RM 200.00
Subtotal 4 = RM 700.00

III) CASHFLOW ANALYSIS
Main total (A+B+C+D) = RM 26,302.00
Unexpected costs @ 10% = RM 2,630.00
TOTAL COST OF PRODUCTION = RM 28,932.00
GROSS FARM INCOME = RM 39,000.00
NETT FARM INCOME = RM 10,068.00
MONTHLY INCOME = RM 839.00
BENEFIT COST RATIO (B/C Ratio) = RM 0.52
BREAK EVEN POINT= MR 1.35
The calculation based on new area. The cost of production is lower for replanting scheme.
By,
M ANEM
Agronomist
DOA Muar
Johor

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