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Thursday, November 11, 2010

Cashflow of RAMBUTAN

Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) among popular fruit crop inn Malaysia as monocrop or mixed crop by smallholders. Total area of rambutan area in Malaysia was 25,460 hectare with annual production of 82,740 metric ton. Rambutan was a seasonal fruit and receive a low price during peak production season as low as less than RM 0.30 per kilogram. Rambutan largely grown in Daerah Selama Perak (846 ha), Daerah Kuala Krai Kelantan (654 ha) and Daerah Dungun Terengganu (473 ha). There are so many rambutan clones in Malaysia from sour to sweet variety. From my study shown that the popular clones was Clone R134 (Rambutan Singapore), Clone R 156 (Gading Muar), Clone R 179 (Deli Cheng), Clone R 191 (Anak Sekolah ) and Clone R 193 (Deli Baling). Most rambutan used as fresh fruit and only few percentages processed or canned. This article discuss about rambutan cashflow in 2010 based on my study at Johor, Melaka, Selangor and Perak recently.


Planting Distance : 9.0m x 9.0m
Plant Density Tree/ha : 123 tree
Cashflow Duration: 20 Tahun


I) CASH IN FLOW
1. Yield of rambutan (kg/ha) = 125,750 kg
2. Gross Farm Income @ RM1.50/kg = RM 188,625.00

II)CASH OUT FLOW
A. Development Cost
1. Land Clearing = RM 2,000.00
2. Drainage system = RM 1,200.00
5. Land preparation = RM 1,000.00
6. Lining & Planting =RM 369.00
7. Irrigation system= RM 9,000.00
8. Store & Hut = RM 500.00
Subtotal 1 = RM 14,069.00

B. Cost of Input
1. Seedling@ RM5/tree = RM 676.50
2. Cost of fertlilizer
(i) Basal fertilizer (CIRP) =RM 23.37
(ii)Organic Fertilizer = RM 13,868.25
(iii) NPK 15:15:15 = RM 537.26
(iv) NPK 12:12:17:2+TE = RM 26,383.50
(v) Liming / GML = RM 2,255.82
3. Pesticide & Fungicide = RM 2,843.10
4. Weedicide = RM 3,831.75
5. Farm equipments =RM 2,800.00
Subtotal 2 = RM 53,219.56

C. Labor Cost
1. Manuring =RM 4,215.00
2. Pest Control = RM 7,920.00
3. Weed Control = RM 3,435.00
4. Pruning = RM 3,390.00
6. Harvesting @ RM0.10/kg. = RM 12,575.00
7. Mentainance = RM 10,000.00
Subtotal 3= RM 41,535.00

D. Mischellinous Cost
1. Fuel & Petrol = RM 9,100.00
2. Lant/tax (20 years)= RM 10,000.00
Subtotal 4= RM 19,100.00

III) CASHFLOW ANALYSIS
MAIN TOTAL COST (1,2,3,4) =RM 127,923.56
EXTRA COST AT 5% = RM 6,396.18
TOTAL COSTS OF PRODUCTION = RM 134,319.74
GROSS FARM INCOME = RM 188,625.00
NETT FARM INCOME = RM 125,694.74
NETT INCOME PER YEAR = RM 6,284.74
NETT INCOME PER MONTH = RM 523.73
NILAI KINI PENGELUARAN (NPV) @ 10%= RM 72.14
BENEFIT COT RATIO = RM 1.67
BREAKEVEN POINT =RM 0.67
Note:
The cashflow is a summary of 20 years duration.
By
M Anem
Extension Specialist
Johor

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