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Thursday, November 11, 2010

Cashflow of JACKFRUIT


Jack fruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is a popular fruit trees grown in Malaysia for domestic and export market. The most popular clone grown was J29, J31, Tekam Yellow, Mastura ,J33 (Nangka Madu), Mantin, Uncle Hong (Not registered) and Kristal (PPK). Total area planted with jackfruit in Malaysia about 3,460 hectare with annual production of 28,970 mt in 2010. The location of jackfruit growing area were in Daerah Temerloh Pahang (207 ha), Daerah Kota Tinggi Johor (192 ha) and Daerah Segamat Johor (136 ha). This article discuss about Jackfruit Cash flow based on my study at Segamat, Tapah, Melaka and Selangor.


Planting Distance : 9.0 m x 9.0 m
Planting density : 123 tree
Production area: 1 Hectare
Growing Period: 20 Years


I) CASH IN FLOW
a. Estimated yield for 20 years(kg/ha) = 514,755 kg*
b. Estimated Gross Income @ RM 1.00/kg = RM 514,755.00

II) CASH OUT FLOW
A. DEVELOPMENT COST

1 Land Clearing , Burning, stacking = RM 2,000
2 Basic Infra (drain, farm road etc) = RM 10,000
4 Fencing = RM 2,000
5 Ploughing = RM 1,000
6 Planting (RM3/tree) = RM 369
7 Irrigation system = RM 9,000
8. Farm Store= RM 500
Sub-total 1 = RM 24,869

B. COST OF INPUTS
1 Jackfruit seedling @ RM5/seedling = RM 677
2 Fertilizer & Basic Manure: -
i. CIRP)= RM 35
ii. Organic Fertilizer = RM 43,634
iii. NPK Green = RM 336
iv. NPK Blue = RM 30,104
v. GML = RM 1,418
3 Pesticide & Fungicide = RM 8,887
4 Weedicide = RM 6,318
5 Farm equipments = RM 3,500
Sub-total 2 for inputs =RM 94,909

C. COSTS OF LABOR
1 Manuring = RM 4,500
2 Pests and Disease control = RM 6,840
3 Weeding = RM 4,080
4 Pruning activity = RM 4,590
5 Fruit wrapping at RM 0.40/fruit = RM 10,295
6 Harvesting @ RM 0.10/ kg = RM 51,476
Subtotal 3 of Labor Cost = RM 81,781

D. MISCELLANEOUS COSTS
1 Fuel and Petrol = RM 24,000
2 Land Rental = RM 10,000
3 Maintenance of infrastructure = RM 30,000
Subtotal 4= RM 64,000

III) CASH FLOW ANALYSIS
MAIN TOTAL( 1,2,3,4) = RM 265,558.00
EXTRA COSTS (10%) = RM 26,556.00
TOTAL COSTS OF PRODUCTION = RM 292,114.00
GROSS FARM INCOME = RM 514,755.00
NETT FARM INCOME = RM 222,641.00
NETT FARM INCOME/YEAR = RM 11,132.05
NETT FARM INCOME/MONTH = RM 927.67
B/C RATIO = RM 1.76
BREAKEVEN POINT = RM 0.57
NET PRESENT VALUE (NPV) @ 10% = RM 128,284.96
INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN (IRR) = 31%

*Note:
Exchange rate : 1 USD = RM 3.80
1. Estimated fruit weight about 20kg/fruit
2. Pests and Fungicide control frequency 6 times/year
3. Weed spraying frequency at 4 times/year



By,
M Anem
Ptjaya

1 comment:

  1. Quite Interesting. I'm from India. Dear Anem, I would like interact with you. I'm unable to locate your - mail ID. Can you send me a mail?

    - Shree Padre

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