Jackfruit are a native to the rain forests of the Western Ghats of India, and widely cultivated throughout the tropical lowlands of both hemispheres. It is an important fruit crop in India, Burma, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines
and many other tropical countries. Widely distributed throughout the country both cultivated and wild. The economic uses are for the tree as a shade, agro-forestry, intercropping, reforestation crop and the fruit based on the age. The immature fruit maybe used as vegetable and the ripe fruit is made into sweets, preserves, flavoring for ice cream and ingredient for mixed fruit syrup, salad and sweets. It may also be fermented and distilled for an alcoholic beverage in some country. The seeds are very rich in starch, delicious either boiled or roasted. The rags contain very rich in pectin and ideal for jelly making. The wood processed for tool handles, timber, furniture, building materials, musical instruments. The leaves are stitched and used as plates and other containers. It is also used as fodder for ruminants. For the bark it will yields a white latex used for caulking boats, cementing broken china wares and trapping birds. Lastly the tree produce dye as a yellow dye that can be obtained by boiling mature wood or sawdust, is used for dyeing garments.
(Rhizopus migricans), pink disease (Corticium salmonicolor) and rhizoctonia thread blight (Rhizoctonia koleroga) are common diseases and controlled by removing and burning the diseases parts and spraying with Cupravit or Bordeaux mixture at recommended dosages. Seedlings start to bear fruits 6 to 8 years after planting. Grafts bear fruits in 4 to 5 years. To be continued.....
|Variety Tekam Yellow (J33) with superior quality.|
(6 August 2013)