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Saturday, June 22, 2013

CABBAGE AS CROP

CABBAGE (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) or locally known as round| cabbage in Malaysia is one of the most popular vegetable in the world that many health benefits. Most cabbage in Malaysia are grown in highland area such as in Cameroon Highland, Pahang and highland at Sandakan, Sabah for about  1,650 hectare annually. This is the way cabbage grows until longer days and warmer weather signals it to bolt to flower. Then, the head splits open and Gives birth to a stalk That uncurls Itself as it forces the head split open farther. The stalk grows 2-4 '(0.6-1.2 m) tall, then develops numerous branches and small, four-petaled, cross-shaped yellow flowers elongate That eventually develop into seed pods. There are Hundreds of cultivars of cabbage throughout the world but only about 5-8 varieties are popular in Malaysia. The cabbage can be grouped into three main Kinds that is the smooth green, the red and the Savoy. The smooth green cabbages may have a round, flattened or conical heads, and can be green, blue-green or yellow-green. Head size can range from one pound in some dwarf varieties to more than 60 pound (27 kg) for some of the Kraut cabbages. This early morning I would like to share knowledge about cabbage industry in Malaysia as an important vegetables for domestic and export market.

The Usage of cabbage are mainly as the cabbage leaves are eaten raw in salads and cole slaw. They are steamed, boiled, stir-fried and pickled. Cabbage is fermented to make German sauerkraut and Korean kimshi. The larger, outer leaves are stuffed and used to wrap other foods before baking or braising. Wild cabbage (Brassica oleracea ssp. oleracea) grows along the coasts in Europe and north Africa. The earliest records of cabbage being cultivated for food come from the Greeks around 600 BC. Today cabbage is grown for food everywhere that plants can be grown. Cabbage family have enough type. Commonly grown in Indonesia, including cabbage, cabbage flowers, broccoli, cabbage sprouts, cabbage rabbis, and kale. This type of cabbage is thought to be from the wild cabbage Brassica oleracea var. sylvestris, which grows along the Mediterranean coast, the coast of England, Denmark, France and North West. Wild cabbage that grew there as a biennial crop and there is also a perennial. Cabbage that has been made ​​into a cultivated annual crops. To obtain seeds, sprouts are allowed to grow as a biennial crop. These vegetables can be planted in lowland and upland with an average rainfall 850-900 mm. 

The leaves are round, oval, to oblong, forming a large rosette and thick roots, leaves of various colors, including white (forma alba), green, and red-purple (forma rubra). Initially, waxy leaves that grow straight, the leaves grow next bend, covering the young leaves of the latter grew. Stops leaf growth is characterized by the formation of the crop or the egg (head) and the next crop in cabbage buds (Brussels sprouts).

Aurhor:
M Anem
Cameroon Highlands
Pahang
Malaysia.

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