Chilli rich with nutrient content and reported that every 100 gm chilli contain Karotena Beta (2,730 microgram), Posforus (80 mg), Niacin (0.7 mg), Vitamin B1, B2, C and others. The most popular lowland grown chilli in Mayalsia was MC 10 Variety. Farmers grows this variety commercially as monocrop and some as mixed crop with water melon. Chilli needs seedling preparation in nursery for 40 days before transplanting (About 8,600 seeds/ha). Selected seeds treated with TSP, Capstan or Thiram (Fungicide) before sowing. Land preparation need the land clearing, ploughing, bed preparation, irrigation system, plastic silvershine layering and basal manuring (organic manure).
Planting of chilli from selected seedling was done after completion of land preparation with 7,100 seedling planted per hactare. Planting distance 0.75 m x 1.5 m and replacement of mortal seedling done accordingly. wood support erected both side of tree to straightened the tree. Watering, manuring and pest control follows Package Tachnology from Department of Agriculture. Basic fertlizer 15:15:15 applied at 20gm/tree and 12:12:17:2 at 35 gm/tree when it starts bearing fruit. Manuring schadule maintain at 250 kg/ha.
Pest and diseases are common in chilli and need to control from early stage. Among regular pests are Leaf Mites (Aphis spp) is can cause damage to the leaves (Kerekot) and confirm that it a virus carrier. to control by spraying Chloropyrifos up to 2.5 month period. Trips (Trips spp) also cause kreekot to the tree and as virus carrier. Other pests are Fruit borer (Helicoverpa armigera), Fruit Fly (Bactocera spp) Red Mites (Trtranychus spp) and Snail (Achantina filica). Common diseses in chilli are Fruit Antracnose (Collectotricum capsici), Soft , Hawar Pucuk (Choanephora cucurbitarum), Leaf Spot (Cercosporrot (Sclerotium rolfsii) a capsici), bacterial Wilt (Ralstonis solanacerum) , Leaf Mozaic (Virus Mozaic) and control by chemical or IPM.
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