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Sunday, November 14, 2010

Cashlow of GUAVA

Guava or Jambu Batu (Psidium guava) was grown wisely in Malaysia for fresh and export market and also for processing. There was Seedless and With Seed Variety. The seedless variety was not strong recommended for commercial growing due to its unstable characteristic such as Clone GU15. Guava with seed was more popular such as Clone GU8, Clone GU9 and Clone GU 10. Total area of guava in Malaysia was 1,440 hectare with an annual production of 18,880 mt in 2009. Area with most guava was in Daerah Muar Johor (213 ha) , Daerah Batang Padang Perak (185 ha) and Daerah Segamat Johor (68 ha). The most critical problem in guava agronomic practices is to control the attack of nematode. This article discuss about guava cashflow for 9 years based on my study in April 2010.


Planting Distance : 4.0 m x 4.0 m
Planting density : 625 tree
Cashflow duration : 9 year


I) CASH-IN FLOW
Guava Yield (kg/ha) = 248,500 kg
Gross Farm Income @ RM2.50/kg = RM 621,250.00

II) CASH-OUT FLOW
A. Initial development cost

i) Land clearing = RM 2,000.00
ii) Ploughing = RM 1,000.00
iii) Drainage system = RM 1,200.00
iv) Planting @RM 3/tree = RM 1,875.00
v) Irrigation system = RM 9,000.00
vi) Store & CC = RM 500.00
vii) Farm equipment & Tools = RM 6,250.00
Subtotal 1 = RM 21,825.00

B. Cost of Input
i) Seedling(688 unit @ RM5.00) = RM 3,440.00
ii) Organic Fertilizer = RM 60,156.25
iii) Fosfat (TSP) = RM 404.38
iv) GML = RM 7,950.00
v) NPK 15:15:15 = RM 687.50
vi) NPK 12:12:17:2 = RM 39,840.94
vii) Pesticide = RM 28,925.00
viii)Fungicide = RM 28,925.00
ix) Weedicide = RM 8,280.00
x) Wrapping paper = RM 24,601.50
Subtotal 2 = RM 203,210.56

C. Cost of Labor @ RM30/worker/day
i) Manuring = RM 5,730.00
ii) Pruning = RM 4,440.00
iii) Pest & Disease Control = RM 7,200.00
iv) Weed Control = RM 2,760.00
v) Wrapping of Fruit =RM 41,002.50
vi) Harvesting @ RM0.10/kg = RM 24,850.00
Subtotal 3 = RM 85,982.50

D. Miscellaneous Cost
Maintenance of Infra = RM 7,200.00
fuel= RM 12,600.00
Land Rent = RM 5,000.00
Subtotal 4 = RM 24,800.00

III. CASHFLOW ANALYSIS
Main total cost (1,2,3,4) = RM 335,818.06
Extra Cost(10%) = RM 33,581.81
Total Costs of Production = RM 369,400.00
Gross Farm Income = RM 621,250.00
Nett Farm Income = RM 251,850.00
Nett Farm Income/Year = RM 27,983.30
Nett Farm Income /Month = RM 2,332.00
Benefit cost ratio = RM 1.68
Breakeven point = RM 1.49
By,
M Anem
Hort
Malaysia

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