Sunday, June 6, 2010

Manggo Clones in Malaysia

Manggo project with Clone MA 228 at Tehel Melaka.

Mango (Mangnifera indica) in Malaysia grown as commercial and semi-commercial crop. There was many clones of mango domestically grown by farmers with a total of 9,400 hectare in 2009. About 24,500 metric tonnes of mango fruit produced in 2009 in Malaysia. Alor Gajah in Melaka has the largest mango growing area (419 hectare) followed by Jasin District in Melaka ( 463 ha) and Kuching District (271 ha). The article about to elaborate 5 selected clones of mango in Malaysia namely MA 128, MA 162, MA 165, MA 204 and MA 223.

a. MA 128 (Harumanis)

Fruit Shape was Ovoid oblong with average weight of 340 gram. Skin colour when ripen was dark green or light green. Flesh color was Orange with sweet taste and smell good. The seed was sized at 8.7 cm x 4.2 cm with long shape.

b. MA 162 (Foo Fatt/ Golek)

Fruit shape was oblong elongate with average weight about 650 gram. Fruit skin color is light green and yellowish green when turn to ripening stage. Flesh color was orange with minimum fibre at taste a little sweet sour. The seed shape was elongated with sized about 14 cm x 3.3 cm thickness.

3. MA 165 (MAHA 65)

This clones has Oblong elongate shape with an average weight 600 gram. Young fruit color was light green turn to yellowish green when reach ripening stage. The flesh color was light green with fine soft fibre and a Little sweet sour. The seed was elongated shape, thin and sized about 17 cm x 4.5 cm with parallel arrangement.

4. MA 204 (Melele/ Mas muda)

The fruit shape was Ovoid oblong with average weight about 400 gram. The young fruit was light green so as matured fruit still light green. The flesh color is yellow and sweet sour taste with fine texture. The seed has swell elongated shape with size about 11 cm x 4.5 cm.

5. MA 223 (Nam Dok Mai)

Nam Dok Mai has Oblong Elongate shape fruit with an average weight of 400 gram. Young fruit was green and turn green yellowish upon ripening and yellowish green when fully ripen. It has yellow flesh color with fine texture and very sweet taste. The seed was elongated shape with size about 12.7 cm x 4.5 cm.

All clones above documented by Department of Agriculture in 1995. Recently the most popular clones planted by farmers was MA228 also known as Chok Anan. This clones was introduced in 1998 by me in Malacca (MIADP) as new crop to rehabilitate idle paddy land. I introduced this clones due to its fantastic growth and early harvesting period. Until now Malacca has a large mango area planted with the assistance and hard work of Department of Agriculture and private sector.




M Anem


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