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Thursday, November 24, 2016

PINEAPPLE - STATUS IN MALAYSIA


What is Pineapple Fruit? The pineapple scientific name Ananas comosus L. Merill from spesies Bromeliaceae. It believed native to Southern American.  There are 16,540 hectar of pineapple area planted in Malaysia producing more than 260,000 metric tonnes in 2016 (Source: Department of Agriculture, Malaysia). The most current popular variety grown in Malaysia are MD2 with premium quality. Johor State planted more than 60% of pineple production in malaysia. Most of the pineapple fruit is domestic market, processed and esport. The aromatic yellow juicy flesh taste between sweet sour ,sweet or salt depend to it varieties. The young fruit rind color is green and change to purple or brownish. The pineapple is in oval to cylindrical shaped. The pineapple sizes can long up to 12 inches and weight unti 12pound and more. Malaysia is one of the pieapple producing countries for domestic and exports market. State like Johore, Pahang and Kedah are the most producing fresh pineapple. There are few factory producing canned pineapple in Johor. Pineapple arw grown in peat soil area and only small percent grown on mineral soils. 


Pineapple Varieties grown in Malaysia. There are few varieties in Malaysia grown by smallholders and estate operators . The varieties are:
1.Gandol - Fresh and canning
2.N36 - For canning
3.Mauritius - For fresh
4.Josaphine - Hybrid for fresh
5.Sarawak - For fresh

6. MD2 - for fresh export
 
 
How Pineapple Tree look?.
The pineapple plant can grow up to 1.5 meters. The green leaves may stripe with red and yellow on the margin. The leaves might long 50 to 180cm and spine in the margin. While it is blooming, the red or purple color flowers was elongate, the plan need 115 days to 130 days to bear a fruit after blooming of flowers. The pineapple plant suitable live at well drained organic sandy loam with temperature 28 degree Celsius to 35 degree Celsius. Normally, the pineapple plant long live for around 4 years. In Malaysia, states planted huge is Pahang, Johor, Selangor, Kelantan, Kedah and Pulau Pinang. The pinepple are about one to 1.5 years one cycle before replanting.



Pineapple Product and Recipe Rather thn fresh consumption, pineapple in Malaysia are processed for high end value. The sweet sour flavor of pineapple had manufactured into :
1.Jam pineapple
2.Jelly Pineapple
3.Pineapple Pie/cake
4.Pineapple Juice
5.Pineapple Ice cream
6.Pineapple tart

Benefits of Pineapple Fruit Pineapple is one of favorite fruits in worldwide. Besides of it juicy ripe pineapple sweet sour flavor, the fruit had many health benefits of pineapple. Body can easily absorbs nutrients by eating fresh, canned or pineapple juice. 
Nutritional Value per 100 grams EFrom the lab analysis, the fruit are rich of nutrients. ZIn each 100 edible partt of pineapple contain Energy 45.0 kcal,
Water 87.8 g,  Protein 0.5 g,  Fat 0.1 g,  Fiber 10.6 g ,  Abu 0.6 g ,  Calcium 0.4 mg ,  Phosphorus 24.0 mg,  Iron 6.0 mg ,
Natrium 1.4 mg ,  Kalium 31.0 mg ,  Beta Carotene 40.0 mg ,  Vitamin B1 270.0 mg ,  Vitamin B2 0.17 mg,  Niacin 0.1 mg and  Vitamin C 15.2 mg .

Pineapple in Malaysia are choosed bya commersial farmers ti expand in Pahang States. About 1,000 hectares area in Rompin District are planted with MD2 varieites for domestic and export. The project initiated by MPIB (Malaysia Pineapple Industry Board) and funded by ECER able to produce gigh quality pineapple fruits.
By,
M Anem,
Senior Agronomist,
Kuantan, Pahang,
Malaysia.
(24 Nov 2016)

2 comments:

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