Aeroponicsis a way of planting vegetables in the air without the use of soil, nutrients sprayed on plant roots, water containing nutrient solution to be sprayed in a mist form to the plant roots.Hanging plant roots planted will absorb the nutrient solution.Water and nutrients are sprayed using sprinkler irrigation.
Vegetables cultivated in aeroponic system proved to have a good quality, hygienic, healthy, fresh,crispy, flavorful, and accompanied by a high flavor.Aeroponics vegetables can fill the needs of the opportunities the middle to upper levels of society.Therefore, aeroponics system begin developed in Indonesia.
Aeroponics comes from the word meaning aero air and ponus which means power.So aeroponics is to empower the air.Actually, aeroponics is a type ofhydroponics(empowering water) because water containing nutrient solution to be sprayed in a mist form to the plant roots.Hanging plant roots planted will absorb the nutrient solution.
Benefits of Aeroponics System
Aeroponic system can provide benefits to farmers who have no land, because aeroponics not need soil, but the planting medium in the form of Styrofoam that roots hanging in the air.So it can be used as land in the yard. Principles of aeroponics is as follows: given a Styrofoam Gazette planting holes with a distance of 15 cm.using a foam wedge or rockwool, child vegetable seedlings planted in the planting hole.Plant roots will dangle freely down.Under the strands of Styrofoam, there are sprinkler (atomizer) that emits a mist of nutrient solution up to the roots. One of the key advantages of the cultivation ofaeroponicsis the oxygenation of each grain of a fine mist of nutrient solution that gets to the root.During the trip from sprinkler hole to get to the root, grain will be anchoring the oxygen from the air to the levels of dissolved oxygen in the grain increases.Thus the process of respiration in the roots can take place smoothly and produce a lot of energy.In addition to skilled management, production with aeroponic system can meet the quality, quantity and continuity.
Excess Aeroponics System
Aeroponic system helps the environment by saving water,
reducing the amount of human labor involved.
Because of its roots in the air, the plants receive more oxygen.
Additional oxygen that plants receive can alleviate the growth of harmful pathogens.
Plants can take advantage of carbon-dioxide-rich oxygen in the air to perform photosynthesis.
The equipment needed to make the system Aeroponicsas follows:
The use of sprinklers can ensure a timely watering, water quantity and water distribution uniformity at ground level on an ongoing basis during production plants with low labor input.The way it can create water vapor in the air around the plants as well as provide a layer of water on the roots, thus lowering the temperature around the leaves and reduce evapotranspiration.
Beam or carburetion system can be regulated intermittent, on-off (on-off) alternately using a timer, long dead origin (off) no more than 15 minutes because the fear the plants will wilt.When the pump is turned off, granular solution attached to the roots for 15-20 minutes.Emission or fogging can only be given during the day only.However, this method is not recommended because the chance of nutrition in plants shrinks.Many examples of modelsaeroponicsthat can be searched on the internet for inspiration