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Thursday, December 20, 2012

DURIAN VARIETIES IN MALAYSIA (Part 2)



Malaysia is a tropical country with 28.25 million population in 2012. The National Gross Domestic Product (GDP) amounted RM 174,448 in 2012 and the per capita income are RM 24,778. Agriculture sector contribute significant impact in National GDP especially on oil palm and rubber plantation and downstream activities. Food Crop produced by commercial farmers for domestic and export markets. Among popular food crop grown in Malaysia are Tropical Fruit such as Durian, Banana, Pineapple, Chempedak, Star Fruit and many others. This article share knowledge about durian clones registered and found in Malaysia based on DOA pamphlet I read recently.

Durian are the most popular fruit tree grown in Malaysia with 104,655 hectare recorded by DOA in 2012 produce about 300,470 metric tonnes. The harvested area in 2012 only 55,228 hectare (only 50%) from the total durian area due to few seasonal factors. The average production of durian estimated about 5,400 kg each hectare. The DOA report shows that in term of production values the durian contribute for RM 1,392,077,505. There are more than 200 local durian found in Malaysia in which only 121 clone are registered to Department of Agriculture since 1934. Below are the registered durian clones:-

Clone Number : Local Name : Registration Date : Owner : Origin
(Those in the red are recommended varieties and popular)

61. Durian Clone : D136
- Senggarang1 ; 1973 ; Lian Ching Pang ; Senggarang, Johor


62. Durian Clone : D137
- Senggarang2 ; 1973 ; Lian Ching Pang ; Senggarang, Johor

63. Durian Clone : D138
- Senggarang3 ; 1973 ; Lian Ching Pang ; Senggarang, Johor

64. Durian Clone : D139
- Senggarang4 ; 1973 ; Lian Ching Pang ; Senggarang, Johor


65. Durian Clone : D140
- DX/Rogue24 ;1981 ; DOA ; Serdang, Selangor

66. Durian Clone : D141
- Hybrid D30 ;1981 ; DOA ; Serdang, Selangor


67. Durian Clone : D142
- HybridD34 ;1981 ; DOA ; Serdang, Selangor


68. Durian Clone : D143
- HybridD57 ;1981 ; DOA ; Serdang, Selangor


69. Durian Clone : D144
- Hibrid 7 ;1981 ; DOA ; Serdang, Selangor

70. Durian Clone : D145
- Tn Mek Hijau ;1981 ; Khizir Ali ; Beserah, Pahang

71. Durian Clone : D146
- Lempur Mas ;1985 ; Unknown ; K. Kangsar Perak



72. Durian Clone : D147
- Paya Lintah Kuning ; 1985 ; Unknown ; Perak


73. Durian Clone : D148
- Paduka ;1985 ; Unknown ; Perak


74. Durian Clone : D150
- Emping Emas ; 1985 ; Unknown ; Perak



75. Durian Clone : D151
- Kancong Darat ;1986 ; Unknown ; Banting, Selangor

76. Durian Clone : D152
- Katak ; 1986 ; Unknown ; Jitra Kedah

77. Durian Clone : D153
- K Kgsar 2 ;1986 ; Unknown ; Perak



78. Durian Clone : D155
- Sri Kaya ; 1987 ; Unknown ; Perak

79. Durian Clone : D156
- Kg Perak ;1987 ; Unknown ; Bt Kurau, Perak

80. Durian Clone : D157
- Seberang ; 1987 ; Unknown ; Gopeng Perak

81. Durian Clone : D158
- Kan Yau ;1987 ; Hj Omar ; Kedah

82. Durian Clone : D159
- Mon Thong ; 1987 ; Hj Ahmad Yaakob ; Kedah


83. Durian Clone : D160
- Buloh Bawah ;1987 ; Lim Hai Chua ; Banting, S'gor

84. Durian Clone : D161
- Merah ;1987 ; Lim Hai Chua ; Banting, S'gor


85. Durian Clone : D162
- Tawa ;1987 ; Lim Hai Chua ; Banting, S'gor


86. Durian Clone : D163
- Horlor/Labu ;1987 ; Chat Fat Hin ; Penang

87. Durian Clone : D164
- Ang Bak ;1987 ; Teoh Eng Heng ; Penang



88. Durian Clone : D165
- Cheh Chee ; 1987 ; Lee Toh Sem ; Penang


89. Durian Clone : D166
- Balik Pulau 604 ;1987 ; Lee Toh Sem ; Penang


90. Durian Clone : D167
- Buaya ; 1987 ; Yap ; K Langat , Selangor

Durian D168 (Hajah Hasmah)

91. Durian Clone : D168
- Durian Mas ;1989 ; Hjh Hasmah ; Muar, Johor

92. Durian Clone : D169
- Tok Litok ; 1989 ; Wee Chong Beng ; Kelantan



93. Durian Clone : D170
- Kepala Babi ;1989 ; Unknown ; Sarawak


94. Durian Clone : D171
- D. Sg Siut ; 1989 ; Unknown ; Sarawak



95. Durian Clone : D172
- D. Botak ;1989 ; Unknown ; Tangkak, Johor


96. Durian Clone : D173
- D. Siew ; 1989 ; Unknown ; N Sembilan



97. Durian Clone : D174
D. Hj Sani ;1990 ; Hj Sani ; Semenyih, Selangor

98. Durian Clone : D175
- Udang Merah ; 1990 ; Unknown ; Penang



99. Durian Clone : D176
- D. Kuning ;1990 ; Abdullah Husin ; Maran, Pahang



100. Durian Clone : D177
- Juara 90 Penang ; 1990 ; Lee Teck Hin ; Penang

101. Durian Clone : D178
- Penang 88 ;1990 ; Tan Han Seng ; Penang



102. Durian Clone : D179
- Penang 99 ; 1990 ; Teh Han Seng ; Penang



103. Durian Clone : D180
- Penang Bintang ; 1990 ; Lee Teck Hin ; Penang


104. Durian Clone : D181
- Ghani ; 1990 ; SemaianJamaludin ; Kedah


105. Durian Clone : D182
- Nil ;1990 ; DOA ; Serdang, Selangor



106. Durian Clone : D183
- Kop Besar ; 1991 ; Hj Ahmad ; Kedah



107. Durian Clone : D184
- Titi Kerawang ; 1991 ; Cheng Fat Hin ; Penang


108. Durian Clone : D185
- Pikat ; 1991 ; Abas Saleh ; Kijal, Terengganu



109. Durian Clone : D186
- Nasi Kunyit ;1991 ; Hj A Razak ; Kijal, Terengganu





110. Durian Clone : D187
- Saddam ; 1991 ; Hj Hassan ; Segamat, Johor

111. Durian Clone : D188
- MDUR78 ;30.8.91 ; MARDI ; Terengganu

Durian D189 (or known as MDUR79)

112. Durian Clone : D189
- MDUR79 ;30.8.91 ; MARDI ; Terengganu



113. Durian Clone : D190
- MDUR88 ; 1.7.92 ; MARDI ; Terengganu



114. Durian Clone : D191
- PK110 ; 1992 ; DOA ; Serdang, Selangor



115. Durian Clone : D192
- PK285 ;1992 ; DOA ; Serdang, Selangor



116. Durian Clone : D193
- Jurong 3 ; 1992 ; Yakob Baru ; Slim River, Perak



117. Durian Clone : D194
- Gabai ;1993 ; Lee Chong Koh ; Sepang, Selangor



118. Durian Clone : D195
- Raja Hutan ; 1993 ; Lee You Peng ; Semenyih


119. Durian Clone : D196
- Spg Permata ;1993 ; Md Nor Ibrahim; A. Gajah, Melaka

Durian D197 (Raja Kunyit)

120. Durian Clone : D197
- Raja Kunyit ; 9.12.1993 ; Wee Chong Beng ; Kelantan ; This variety recently renamed as Musang King and recommended for export market to many countries.




By,
M Anem
Ex-Segamat District Agriculture Officer/
Senior Agronimist
Dept of Agriculture
Segamat, Johore
Malaysia.
(11 October 2012)

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