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Friday, October 5, 2012

DURIAN VARIETIES IN MALAYSIA (Part 1)


Malaysia is a tropical country with 28.25 million population in 2012. The National Gross Domestic Product (GDP) amounted more thab RM 174,448 in 2012 and the per capita income are RM 24,778. Agriculture sector contribute significant impact in National GDP especially on oil palm and rubber plantation and downstream activities. Food Crop produced by commercial farmers for domestic and export markets. Among popular food crop grown in Malaysia are Tropical Fruit such as Durian, Banana, Pineapple, Chempedak, Star Fruit and many others. This article share knowledge about durian varieties or locally popular as durian clones registered and found in Malaysia based on DOA printe books where I am able to read recently.

Durian are the most popular fruit tree grown in Malaysia with 104,655 hectare recorded by DOA in 2012 produce about 300,470 metric tonnes. The harvested area in 2012 only 55,228 hectare (only 50%) from the total durian area due to few seasonal factors. The average production of durian estimated about 5,400 kg each hectare. The DOA report shows that in term of production values the durian contribute for RM 1,392,077,505. There are more than 200 local durian found in Malaysia in which only 121 clone are registered to Department of Agriculture since 1934. Below are the 1- 60 registered durian varieties or durian clones:-


Clone Number : Local Name : Registration Date : Owner : Origin(Those marked in red are popular varieties / clones)

1. Durian Clone : D1 -
No local names ;1934 ; Unknown ; Dusun Tua, Selangor


2.Durian Clone : D2 -
Locally known as Datuk Nina ; 1934 ; Origin from Melaka


3. Durian Clone : D3 -
No local name ;1939 ; Unknown ; Unknown


4. Durian Clone : D4
Locally known as Repok 52 ; 27.7.34 ; Unknown ; Batu Kurau Perak


5. Durian Clone : D6
No local name ;1936 ; Unknown ; Unknown


6. Durian Clone : D7
No local name; 1934 ; Unknown ; Kajang, Selangor


7. Durian Clone : D8 -
Nil ; 27.7.4 ; Unknown ; Kuala Lumpur


8. Durian Clone : D10
- Durian Hijau ; 1934 ; Bt 13, Kajang, Selangor

9. Durian Clone : D16
- No local name for this clone ; Registered in 1936 ; Unknown owner; The origin of this clone was Unknown and considered a popular clone in Malaysia.


10. Durian Clone : D24
- No local name for this clone ; 30.11.1937 ; Unknown Owner ; This clone originated from Bukit Merah, Perak. This is a very popular clone and strongly recomended for commercial planting for domestic and export market.


11. Durian Clone : D29
- Nil ; 27.7.1938 ; Unknown ; Kuala Kangsar


12. Durian Clone : D30
- Ho Kaun 1 ; 5.1.1939 ; Unknown ; Bentong, Pahang


13. Durian Clone : D33
- Sakai 1 ; 10.1.1939 ; Unknown ; Bentong


14. Durian Clone : D38
- Hj Abu ; 11.8.1939 ; Sidak Ishak ; K Pilah, NS


15. Durian Clone : D53
- Nil ; 27.5.1940 ; Unknown ; Balik Pulau, Penang


16. Durian Clone : D63
- Nil ; 19.6.1940 ; Unknown ; Relau, Penang


17. Durian Clone : D66
- Durian Raja ; n.a ; Unknown ; Sungkai, Perak


18. Durian Clone : D84
- Nil ; 7.12.1948 ; Che Wahab ; Perak

19. Durian Clone : D88
- Bangkok 8 ; 30.8.1950 ; DOA ; Serdang, Selangor


20. Durian Clone : D90
- Nil ; 10.12.1951 ; Mat Arop Kumat ; Melaka


21. Durian Clone : D92
- Bangkok A ; 12.2.1955 ; DOA ; Serdang, Selangor
22. Durian Clone : D97
- Foo ; 17.6.1970 ; Unknown ; Penang


23. Durian Clone : D98
- Katoi ;17.6.1970 ; Unknown ; Thailand


24. Durian Clone : D99
- Local name as Kop Kecil ; Registered at 17.7.1970 ; Unknown owner ; Believed to be originated from Thailand. This is a popular clone in Malayisia.

25. Durian Clone : D100
- Khaw ; 17.6.1970 ; Unknown ; Unknown

26. Durian Clone : D101
- Bangkok Tree 14 ; 1970 ; DOA ; Serdang

27. Durian Clone : D102
- Bangkok 17 ;1970 ; DOA ; Serdang, Selangor

28. Durian Clone : D103
- Bangkok 28 ; 1970 ; DOA ; Serdang, Selangor

20. Durian Clone : D104
- Taiping 2 ; 1970 ; A Hamid Awang ; Taiping

30. Durian Clone : D105
- Taiping 2 ; 1970 ; Awang Yakob : Taiping



31. Durian Clone : D106
- Taiping 5 ; 1970 ; Yunos ; Taiping


32. Durian Clone : D107
- D Ular kekek ; 1970 ; Hjh Saadiah : Taiping


33. Durian Clone : D108
- Nasi Kunyit ;1970 ; Hjh Saadiah ; Taiping


34. Durian Clone : D109
- Sbrg Manong 4 ; 1970 ; Yeop Rahman ; Manong, Perak
35. Durian Clone : D110
- Sbrg Manong 5 ; 1970 ; Yeop Rahman ; Manong, Perak


36. Durian Clone : D111
- Emas Enggang ; 1970 ; Ming Fong ; K. Kangsar, Perak


37. Durian Clone : D112
- Emas Perak ; 1970 ; Ming Fong ; K. Kangsar, Perak


38. Durian Clone : D113
- Raja Patani; 1970 ; Ming Fong ; K. Kangsar, Perak


39. Durian Clone : D114
- Kimpan ; 1970 ; Ming Fong ; K. Kangsar, Perak
40. Durian Clone : D115
- Mas Pahang1 ; 1970 ; Ming Fong ; K. Kangsar, Perak

41. Durian Clone : D116
- Durian Batu ;1970 ; Lee Lam Siew ; Perak


42. Durian Clone : D117
- D. Gombak ; 1970 ; Unknown ; Gombak


43. Durian Clone : D118
- D. Tembaga ; 1970 ; Lee Lam Siew : Perak


44. Durian Clone : D119
- D. Ganjil ; 1971 ; Unknown ; Unknown


45. Durian Clone : D120
- KK5 Manong ;1971 ; Md Nasib ; Perak


46. Durian Clone : D121
- Emas Pahang 2 ; 1972 ; Shamsudin ; Perak


47. Durian Clone : D122
- RimD1 ;1971 ; Pertab Singh ; Sg Buloh, Selangor

48. Durian Clone : D123
- Chanee ;1971 ; Pertab Singh ; Sg Buloh, Selangor

49. Durian Clone : D124
- RimD6 ;1973 ; Pertab Singh ; Sg Buloh, Selangor

50. Durian Clone : D125
- Kop Jantung ; 1973 ; DOA ; Sik Kedah

51. Durian Clone : D126
- Kop T24 ; 1973 ; DOA ; Sik Kedah

52. Durian Clone : D127
- Kop T25 ; 1973 ; DOA ; Sik Kedah

53. Durian Clone : D128
- Pakta T66 ; 1973 ; DOA ; Sik Kedah

54. Durian Clone : D129
- ChaneeT41 ; 1973 ; DOA ; Sik Kedah

55. Durian Clone : D130
- Kan Yau63 ; 1973 ; DOA ; Sik Kedah

56. Durian Clone : D131
- Katoi T9 ; 1973 ; DOA ; Sik Kedah

57. Durian Clone : D132
- Eddie Special ;1973 ; Pratab Singh ; Sg Buloh, Selangor

58. Durian Clone : D133
- D. Rambutan ; 1973 ; Zainal Abidin ; Taiping

59. Durian Clone : D134
- Nil ;1973; Cheah Heng Hin ; Slim, Perak

60. Durian Clone : D135
- Foo Fatt ; 1973; Cheah Heng Hin ; Slim, Perak

All the clone aboved from No 1 to No 60 registered between 1934 to 1973. Many of this clone not planted as commercial clone.




By 
M Anem
Kesang Tua
Muar
Johor 
Malaysia

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