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Thursday, January 27, 2011

Rambutan Clones in Malaysia

Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) is a popular fruits under Sapodaceae family and originated from Malaysia are grown for domestic and export market. Total area planted with rambutan in Malaysia are 26,946 hectare in 2011 with an annual production of 86,087 metric tonnes. Sarawak recorded largest durian area with 5,384 hectare followed by Kelantan State (2,253 ha) and Kedah (2,100 ha). Fruiting season of rambutan between Jun to September every year. During peak production season the rambutan fruit was abandoned dried on the tree due to very low price (as low as 1o cents/kg) especially non popular clones.


The most popular rambutan clones in Malaysia are R 156 (Mas Gading - Yellow, round shape, big size, very sweet, firm, crispy and juicy - From my kampong, Muar , johhor), R170 (Deli Cheng - Red skin color, sweet, lekang and thick), R 174 (Gading Merah), R 1991 (Rong Rien or Anak Sekolah - medium fruit size at 56 gm/fruit, oval shape, sweet , medium thickness and popular), R 193 (Deli Baling - Medium size, round, long hair, very sweet, thick skin, medium thickness, longer post harvest interval) and few others. This article talk about rambutan clones registered with DOA since many years ago. The information I gathered from various document and my own reading via visits to DOA agriculture station in various state.


There are 62 rambutan clones registered to Department of Agriculture since 1933. Some of this clones are registered by the owner and the others registered by agriculture officer.



RAMBUTAN CLONES : CLONES NUMBER : LOCAL OR OTHER NAMES : REGISTRATION DATE : ORIGIN


1. Rambutan Clones : R1
Local names are Penang No 1 or Red Bead 1); Registered by 1.12.1933 ; Unknown owner ; Originated from ; Penang

2. Rambutan Clones : R2
Local nema as Penang No 2/Read Bead 2 : Registered at 1.12.1933 ; From Penang

3. Rambutan Clones : R3
Local name as Gula Batu / Penang No 3 / Ping Thing Cheng ; Registered to DOA by 1933 ; Unknown owner and originated from Penang

4. Rambutan Clones : R4
Other Local name as Ya Tow /Penang No 4 ; Tegistered in 1933 ; Penang

5. Rambutan Clones : R5
Other Local Name as Ooi Chew ; Registered in 1933 ; Penang

6. Rambutan Clones : R6 ;
Local name as Hoey Chew Cheng/ Penang No 6 ; 1933 ; Penang

7. Rambutan Clones : R7 ;
Local name as Twa Liap Thoe /Penang No 7 : 1933 ; Penang

8. Rambutan Clones : R8 ;
Local name as Big Red ; 1933 ; Penang

9. Rambutan Clones : R9 :
Local name as Tan Poh Cheng /Penang No 9 ; 1933 ; Penang

10. Rambutan Clones : R10 ;
Local name as Klang No 1 ; Registered in 25.11.1933 ; Klang, Selangor

11. Rambutan Clones : R11 ;
no local name ; 1933 ; Klang Selangor

12. Rambutan Clones : R12 ;
This clone has no local name (LN) ; 1933 ; Goh Hock Huat ; Klang, Selangor

13. Rambutan Clones : R30 ;
no LN ; 1933 ; DOA : DOA Selama, Perak

14. Rambutan Clones : R61 ;
No LN ; 1936 ; DOA : DOA Task Gelugor Penang

15. Rambutan Clones : R68 ;
Chang san No 1 ; 1938 ; Bentong, Pahang

16. Rambutan Clones : R81 ;
Ho Kew 1 ; No LN ; 1939 ; Bentong Pahang

17. Rambutan Clones :
R84 ; No LN ; 1939 : Bentong Pahang

18. Rambutan Clones : R86 ;
No LN : 1939 ; Singapura

19. Rambutan Clones : R99 ;
No LN ; 1939 Owner Mr Low Tan : Triang, Pahang

20. Rambutan Clones : R132 ;
No LN ; 1940 ; DOA ; Selama, Perak

21. Rambutan Clones : R133 ;
No LN ; 1940 ; DOA ; Dinding, Perak

22. Rambutan Clones : R134 ;
No LN ; 1943 ; Owner Boey Koh Chong ; Singapore

23. Rambutan Clones : R136 ;
No LN ; 1947 ; Owner Hashim Hj Saleh ; Btg Padang, Perak

24. Rambutan Clones : R137 ;
No LN ; 1949 ; Owner DOA ; Gajah Mati, Perak

25. Rambutan Clones : R138 ;
No LN ; 1949 ; Owner Yap Kan Seng : Baling, Kedah

26. Rambutan Clones : R139 ;
No LN ; 1949 : Owner DOA ; unknown origin

27. Rambutan Clones : R141 ;
No LN ; 2.2.1941 ; Owner Semik Hj Ismail : Kg Gajah, Perak

28. Rambutan Clones : R153 ;
Bunga Mawar ; 1951 ; Owner Arifin Musa ; Kedah

29. Rambutan Clones : R154 ;
No LN ; 1954 ; Owner Kolop Manas ; K. Kangsar, Perak

30. Rambutan Clones : R155 ;
No LN ; 1955 ; Owner DOA ; Serdang, Slangor

31. Rambutan Clones : R156 ;
Gading Mas : Owner Ng Ah Kow ; Muar , Johor

32. Rambutan Clones : R57 ;
Telok anson 4 : 1959 ; Owner Siew Sin ; Perak

33. Rambutan Clones : R159 ;
No LN ; 1957 ; Owner Hj Hamid Bakar ; Alor Setar , Kedah

34. Rambutan Clones : R160 ;
Khaw Thaw Bak ; 1970 ; Unknown owner ; Penang


35. Rambutan Clones : R161 ;
Lee Long ; 1970 ; Owner Lee Long : Serdang Baru, Selangor

36. Rambutan Clones : R162 ;
Oh Haek ; 1970 ; Owner unknown ; Penang

37. Rambutan Clones : R163 ;
PJ ; 1970 ; Unknown owner ; Petaling Jaya , Selangor

38. Rambutan Clones : R164 ;
No Local name : 1970 ; Trong, Perak

39. Rambutan Clones : R167 ;
Chai Tow Cheng ; 1970 ; unknown owner ; unknown origin

40. Rambutan Clones : R168 ;
Che Embong ; 1970 ; Owner unknown ; Kelantan

41. Rambutan Clones : R169 ;
Lychee ; 17.6.1970 ; Owner Pertab Singh ; Sg Buloh, Selangor

42. Rambutan Clones : R170 ;
Deli Cheng ; 17.6.1970 ; Owner Pertab Singh ; Sg Buloh, Selangor

43. Rambutan Clones : R171 ;
Sik 1 ; 1972 ; Owner DOA ; Sik, Kedah

44. Rambutan Clones : R172 ;
Taiping 1/ Small Red ; 1973 ; Owner Sudin Don ; Taiping, Perak

45. Rambutan Clones : R173 ;
Taiping 2/ Yellow Flesh ; 1973 ; Owner Sudin Don ; Taiping, Perak

46. Rambutan Clones : R174 ;
Taiping 3 / gading Merah ; 1973 ; Owner Sudin Don ; Taiping, Perak

47. Rambutan Clones : R 175 ;
Taiping 4/ Large Red ;1973 ; Owner Sudin b Don ; Taiping, Perak

48. Rambutan Clones : R176 ;
Taiping 5/ gading kuning 1973 ; Owner Sudin b Don ; Taiping, Perak

49. Rambutan Clones : R177 ;
Taiping No 6 ; 1973 ; Owner Sudin b Don ; Taiping, Perak

50. Rambutan Clones : R178 ;
Taiping 7 ; 1973 ; Owner Teoh Swee Lee ; Taiping, Perak

51. Rambutan Clones : R181 ;
Taiping 10 ; 1973 ; Owner Teoh Swee Lee ; Taiping, Perak

52. Rambutan Clones : R183 ;
Sik No 2 ; 1980 ; Sik, Kedah

53. Rambutan Clones : R184 ;
Rambutan Thai ; 1973 ; Thailand

54. Rambutan Clones : R185 ;
Lekang Nyior ; 1980 ; Gurun, Kedah

55. Rambutan Clones : R186 ;
Titi Teras ; 1980 ; Gurun , Kedah

56. Rambutan Clones : R187 ;
Rapiah ; 1981 : Indonesia

57. Rambutan Clones : R188 ;
Acheh Lebak Bulus ; 1981 ; Indonesia

58. Rambutan Clones : R189 ;
UKM ; 1981 ; Bangi Selangor

59. Rambutan Clones : R190 ;
Binjai ; 1981 ; Indonesia

60. Rambutan Clones : R191 ;
Rong Rien / Anak Sekolah ; 1.6.1981 ; Unknown owner ; Thailand

61. Rambutan Clones :
R192 ; Ganja ; 1986 ; Pendang , Kedah

62. Rambutan Clones : R193 ;
Deli Baling ; 10.7.1971 ; Owner Ayob A Rahman : Baling, Kedah

(Red color indicate popular clones)

Most of the local clone are planted as mixed crop with other fruit tree and surrounding traditional village. The farm mostly claimed as an organic fruit due to very minimum usage of chemical and other modern farming practices. young generation does not eager to eat rambutan especially the urban society. I hope with the information given above all of us knows to expand the rambutan package agriculture technology suitable in Malaysia. Chow !....


PLANT RAMBUTAN.....PLUCK RAMBUTAN....
PEAK SEASON PRODUCTION... NOBODY WANT TO BUY...
GO FOR PROCESSING.... LOW PRICE OFFERED...
MANY FARMERS FRUST... CHOP DOWN....


By,
M Anem
Muar,
Johor,





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