The TOL needs to be renewed annually and farmers were at the mercy of the politicians and middle persons who had links with the district Land and Mines Office as they had the authority to approve or reject their applications for renewal of their TOLs. The renewal was discretionary and hence the farmers always claimed that they got the short end of the stick, prompting reports to the agency such as Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC). Besides fundamental issues of law, justice and integrity, there were reported cases of encroachment, land clearance (above) and intimidation. The allegations of widespread bribery were also common, and the banks in Cameron Highlands are said to have the highest amount of cash deposits in the country. Smallholders are said to be the most vulnerable as they are hard-pressed to make under-the-table payments. In March 2020 last year, the Pahang state government introduced a new land policy which it said would end misgivings over land grabs, which had previously led to crackdowns by the National Security Council. t announced a cause of action which it claimed would be beneficial to all parties. Like the issues faced by the durian farmers in Raub, it involved a third party - the state-owned Pahang Corporation Sdn Bhd (PCSB).
Under the new policy, all farming land in Cameron Highlands would be leased to the farmers via PCSB in a 3+2 years deal, involving 5,526,219 hectares. The land has been allotted into 78 parcels across three sub-districts - Ulu Telom (58) Ringlet (14) and Tanah Rata. The farmers, who initially thought this would be their path to release and relief, soon found out it was a case of out of the frying pan into the fire as they said the new policy was rife with unreasonable terms. First was the fee. While previously the farmers paid about RM880 per acre, under the new arrangement, they will need to fork out RM4,500 per acre annually - an increase of 500 percent. Then, there’s PCBS’s regulatory unit –known as MyGap in which will issue certification to ensure that farmers adhere to “advanced and responsible farming methods”. No one has told the farmers what is “responsible” and what is “advanced”. Hence, they fear the propensity and the discretionary powers accorded could lead to abuse and misuse. Such uneasiness is understandable, for there is a history of abuse which caused the MACC to arrest 21 people and charge 11 between March 2015 and October 2018. This above report was produced as part of an investigative journalism course organised by Kini Academy. This article is co-published with Makkal Osai and theSun. The views expressed here are those of the contributor and do not necessarily represent the views of Malaysiakini. Thanks.